Demystifying the U Visa: Protection for Victims of Crime


In the United States, immigrants who are victims of certain crimes often find themselves in a vulnerable position, grappling with fear, uncertainty, and legal complexities. However, there exists a crucial avenue for protection and stability: the U Visa. This blog post aims to demystify the U Visa, shedding light on its purpose, eligibility criteria, application process, and the journey victims embark upon to secure safety and legal status in the United States.

Defining the U Visa Program

The U Visa, established under the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (VTVPA) in 2000, provides temporary immigration benefits to individuals who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse as a result of being a victim of qualifying criminal activity.

This visa not only offers legal status but also empowers victims by allowing them to live and work in the United States.

The U Visa’s inception marked a significant milestone in United States immigration law, recognizing the vulnerability of crime victims and offering them a path towards safety and stability. Its creation was a response to the realization that many victims feared reporting crimes due to concerns about their immigration status. By providing protection and legal recourse, the U Visa aimed to encourage victims to come forward and seek justice while also giving United States agencies valuable new intelligence for prosecuting these crimes.

Qualifying criminal activities include:

  • Abduction
  • Abusive Sexual Contact
  • Blackmail
  • Domestic Violence
  • Extortion
  • False Imprisonment
  • Female Genital Mutilation
  • Felonious Assault
  • Fraud in Foreign Labor Contracting
  • Hostage
  • Incest
  • Involuntary Servitude
  • Kidnapping
  • Manslaughter
  • Murder
  • Obstruction of Justice
  • Peonage
  • Perjury
  • Prostitution
  • Rape
  • Sexual Assault
  • Sexual Exploitation
  • Slave Trade
  • Stalking
  • Torture
  • Trafficking
  • Witness Tampering
  • Unlawful Criminal Restraint
  • Other Related Crimes

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for a U Visa, applicants must meet several criteria. Firstly, they must have suffered substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of being a victim of a qualifying criminal activity.

Secondly, they must possess information about the crime and be willing to assist law enforcement in the investigation or prosecution of the crime. Additionally, applicants must demonstrate that the crime occurred in the United States or violated United States law.

Who is Ineligible

While the U Visa provides critical protection to many victims, not everyone qualifies. Individuals who have participated in criminal activities themselves or who pose a danger to the community may be deemed ineligible.

Furthermore, victims unable to provide substantial evidence of the crime or those who fail to cooperate with law enforcement may face challenges in obtaining a U Visa.

Application Process

The application process for a U Visa involves several steps.

Applicants must submit Form I-918, Petition for U Nonimmigrant Status, along with supporting documents such as a personal statement detailing the crime, evidence of cooperation with law enforcement, and any relevant medical records or police reports.

Supplementary Application Materials

In addition to the primary application form, applicants must provide supplementary materials to support their case. This may include a personal statement describing the nature of the crime and its impact, affidavits from witnesses or advocates, and any relevant documentation such as medical records or police reports corroborating the incident.

Processing Time

The processing time for a U Visa application can vary depending on various factors, including the volume of applications received and the complexity of the case. On average, it may take several years for a decision to be reached. According to USCIS, “80% of cases are completed within 64.5 months (5.33 years)”.

However, applicants may be eligible for deferred action if USCIS makes a bona fide determination that the case is approvable, thereby allowing them to remain in the United States lawfully while their application is pending. Applicants may also apply for work authorization while awaiting a decision on their U Visa petition.


The U Visa serves as a lifeline for victims of crime, offering them protection, legal status, and a chance to rebuild their lives. By understanding the eligibility criteria, application process, and journey involved, individuals can navigate the complexities of seeking U Visa protection with greater clarity and confidence. In addition, the U visa allows the applicants to file for legal permanent residency in the future.

If you think you might be an eligible applicant for a U visa, do not be intimidated by the process — reach out to me today for more information.